Country Profile Belarus

Republic of Belarus

President of Belarus- Alexander Lukashenko (1994 - present )

Prime Minister of Belarus- Andrei Kobyakov (2014 - present)

Total land area of Belarus- 207,600 km²

Nationality of Belarus

Population – 9.504,7 million (on 1 January 2017)
  • Life expectancy at birth – 73.2 years
  • Population living in cities – 77.9%
  • The capital is Minsk – 1.974,8 million inhabitants
Ethnicity
  1. Belarusian 83.7%
  2. Russian 8.3%
  3. Polish 3.1%
  4. Ukrainian 1.7%
  5. Jewish 0.1%
(Source: 2009 census)

Languages spoken in Belarus- Belarusian and Russian

Currency of Belarus- Belarusian rouble (Br)

Economic indicators- GDP (2016) Br94.3 billion; per capita: Br9.9 thousand Commodity structure of export (2016):

  • mineral products – 21.6%
  • chemical industry production, rubber – 20.2%
  • cars, equipment and vehicles – 18.4%
  • black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 6.9%
  • articles of food and agricultural raw materials – 17.5%
  • others – 15.4%

Commodity structure of import (2016):

  • mineral products – 27.5%
  • cars, equipment and vehicles – 22.8%
  • black, nonferrous metals and products from them – 8.1%
  • chemical industry production, rubber – 15.0%
  • articles of food and agricultural raw materials – 14.6%
  • others – 11.0%

Main Business Partners of Belarus (2016)
  1. Russia
  2. Ukraine
  3. China
  4. United Kingdom
  5. Germany
  6. Poland
  7. Netherlands
  8. Lithuania
  9. Turkey
  10. Italy
Main Industries of Belarus
  • metallurgical
  • mechanical engineering, including tractors and agricultural, cars, machine-tool constructing and tool industry, instrument making, radio engineering, electro technical, electronic, optics-mechanical industry; and metal working
  • chemical and petrochemical
  • light industry
  • food industry
Area of farmland in Belarus 8582 thousands hectares (on 1 January 2016) Agriculture Areas of speciality in agriculture: grain, potatoes, vegetables, sugar beet, flax, meat and dairy industry Natural resources • wood • peat • potash and rock salts • small oil and natural gas fields • granite • dolomite • limestone • clay • sand Number of people in employment- 4.4 million (2016)

Breakdown of employed population by type of economic activity (2016): • production sector – 23.3% • agriculture, hunting, forestry industry – 9.6% • civil engineering – 7.3% • transportation and communication – 6.7% • retail; repairs of automobiles, household goods, and personal-use items – 14.5% • education – 10.2% • others – 28.4%

Communications Number of Internet service subscribers and users – over 11 million, including over 3 million of fixed broadband Internet access subscribers. According to the International Telecommunication Union, in 2016 Belarus was ranked 23rd by the number of broadband subscribers.

International bandwidth – 1,110Gbps.

According to a research by the International Bureau of the Universal Postal Union, the Republic of Belarus is ranked 3rd among 87 countries in the development of digital postal services. Transportation
  • Railways – 5480 km, including 1131 km of electric track
  • Highways – 101,600 km, including paved roads 87,700 km
  • Oil pipelines – 2,983 km
  • Gas pipelines – 7,837 km

Information on the situation of PPD in Belarus

Within the framework of the survey conducted in the Republic of Belarus, the level of development of the dialogue between business and the state is 5.6 points (participants were asked to answer 11 open questions, and also to assess on a ten-point scale)

The issues of the "Business-State" dialogue:
  • Situation
  • Lack of mutual interests
  • Replacing the dialogue with information
  • Absence of necessary institutions and low efficiency of existing instruments for dialogue
  • Business initiative and efficiency of business alliances

The main mechanisms of interaction between the state and business:

  • Public advisory councils;
  • Institute of appeals;
  • Branch associations.
These tools in everyday practice are just a supplement to informal contacts and connections.

Conclusions from expert interviews:

  1. These tools are relatively effective only as a supplement to non-formalized tools: calls, meetings, events, etc. Even the public consultative councils, which experts recognized as the most effective tool, are used, in most cases, to establish contacts and exchange information about the upcoming innovations.
  2. Existing tools are not fully a feedback mechanism. Business can only convey its position (and not always successfully) on certain issues, but not be sure that this position will be included in the agenda.
  3. Taking into account the previous two points, as well as due to limited organizational possibilities for using informal tools and the weakness of business associations, SMEs are de facto de facto limited in their interaction with the state and representation of their interests.
  4. There is a high level of dependence of the effectiveness of interaction between business entities and government agencies on the personal factor, which indicates that there is no single state policy on this issue
  5. The low activity of the business in using the instruments of interaction is probably due to the poor performance of the Public Advisory Councils, appeals, public discussions, etc.